List of Landscaping Terms

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  • Accent – Creating special importance of a land using plants and trees.
  • Acidic soil – Soil having a pH of less than 7.
  • Acre – A unit of area (4840 square yards) used in English-speaking countries. 1 yard is equal to 0.9144 meters.
  • Adventitious bud – Partially opened flower that is potentially existing but not presently evident or realized
  • Alkaline soil – relating to or containing an alkali; Soil having a pH greater than 7
  • Alternate – leaves and branches etc; first on one side and then on the other in two ranks along an axis; not paired.
  • Annual – A plant that will last only a season.
  • Anther – The part of the stamen that contains pollen; usually borne on a stalk.
  • Apex – The highest point of a plant or its tip.
  • Apical Bud – A partially opened flower at the tip of a plant’s stem.
  • Apical dominance – Controlling the growth of lateral buds.
  • Arbor – A framework that supports climbing plants
  • Architect – Someone who creates plans to be used in making something (such as buildings, landscape design, and more.)
  • Area – A particular geographical region of indefinite boundary. An area of the land.
  • Arrangement – An organized structure for arranging plants, rocks, and soil to create aesthetic looks in an area of the land.

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  • Baffle – A slight obstruction of a view in an area. It can be a plant, or anything that is built for this purpose.
  • Balance – Harmonious arrangement or relation of parts or elements within a whole (as in a design)
  • Bare Root – Packaging a plant with no soil around the roots.
  • Bark – Tough protective covering of the woody stems and roots of trees and other woody plants
  • Barrier Plants – Plants that impedes free movement. Usually to prevent any manner of activities to cross to your yard.
  • Base – Situate as a center of operations in landscaping.
  • Basis – A relation that provides the foundation for something in landscaping.
  • Benches – A level shelf of land interrupting a declivity (with steep slopes above and below).
  • Beneficial insects – Insects that feeds on insects that harms plants.
  • Biennial – Plants having a life cycle lasting two seasons.
  • Blade – The broad portion of a leaf as distinct from the petiole
  • Bleeding – The flowing of a watery solution of sugars, salts, and minerals that circulates through the vascular system of a plant through a cut.
  • Boards – A stout length of sawn timber; made in a wide variety of sizes and used for many purposes.
  • Bract – A modified leaf or leaflike part just below and protecting an inflorescence
  • Branch collar – A thickened part of a branch usually located at its base.
  • Broad-leaf – Having relatively broad rather than needlelike or scalelike leaves.
  • Bubble diagram – A bubble diagram is a type of map where ellipses or rectangles are connected by solid, broken or wavy lines. Bubble diagrams can be used to compare concepts, and identify areas of similarity and difference. They are at times referred to as bubble charts or spray diagrams.
  • Bud - Partially opened flower
  • Budgets - A sum of money allocated to achieve the proposed landsacping plan.
  • Building - The act of constructing something.
  • Building Code – (law) set of standards established and enforced by local government for the structural safety of buildings
  • Bulb - A modified bud consisting of a thickened globular underground stem serving as a reproductive structure
  • Bulldozer - is used to move large quantity of soil or rock for landscaping purposes.
  • Burlap - Coarse jute fabric that is wrapped around the ball root of the tree.

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  • Calcite – A common mineral consisting of crystallized calcium carbonate; a major constituent of limestone
  • Callus Tissue – An isolated thickening of tissue, especially a stiff protuberance on the lip of an orchid
  • Cambium – A formative one-cell layer of tissue between xylem and phloem in most vascular plants that is responsible for secondary growth
  • Canker – A fungal disease of woody plants that causes localized damage to the bark
  • Care – Be in charge of maintaining the looks of the landscape.
  • Catch Basin – A drainage system.
  • Centers – Most essential or most vital part of a landscape.
  • Central Leader – The upright stem of a plant.
  • Chlorosis – A poor chlorophyll development of plants that is considered as a disorder turning plant’s leaves into light green or has yellowish.
  • Classes – A collection of things sharing a common attribute, like plants, trees, and type of soil.
  • Client – Someone who pays for goods or services.
  • Climate – The weather in some location averaged over some long period of time.
  • Clippers – Shears for cutting grass or shrubbery (often used in the plural)
  • Clump – A group of plant stems.
  • Cold Hardiness – The plant’s ability to survive cold season.
  • Commercial – relating to buisness or business locations.
  • Conditions – The prevailing context that influences the performance or the outcome of a process landscaping.
  • Conifer – Any gymnospermous tree or shrub bearing cones.
  • Contour – A line drawn on a map connecting points of equal height
  • Contractors – Someone (a person or firm) who contracts to build or construct landscapes.
  • Contrast – The opposition or dissimilarity of things that are compared. Plants and its surroundings.
  • Coriaceous – Resembling or made to resemble leather; tough but pliable
  • Corm – Solid swollen underground bulb-shaped stem or stem base and serving as a reproductive structure
  • Create – Bringing to existence the landscaping plans.
  • Credentials – A document attesting to the truth of certain stated facts.
  • Cross-pollinate – Fertilize by transferring pollen.
  • Crotch – The region of the angle formed by the junction of two branches
  • Crown – The upper branches and leaves of a tree or other plant
  • Cultivar – A variety of a plant developed from a natural species and maintained under cultivation.
  • Cutting – is the process of removing soil.

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  • Deadlines – The point in time at which landscape contract must be completed.
  • Design – Create the design for; create or execute in an artistic or highly skilled manner.
  • Designed – Done, made or performed with purpose and intent.
  • Designers – A person who specializes in designing lanscapes.
  • Detailed – Developed or executed with care and in minute detail.
  • Drainage – A system of drains.
  • Drawings – The creation of artistic pictures or diagrams.
  • Deadheading – Remove dead flowers from a plant in order to encourage the growth of new ones
  • Deciduous – Shedding foliage at the end of the growing season
  • Decking – The material of a lumber platform or terrace attached to a house or other building.
  • Defoliation – Causing the leaves of trees and other plants to fall off (as by the use of chemicals)
  • Desiccation – The process of extracting moisture
  • Detention pond – A temporary drainage.
  • Dieback – Suffer from a disease that kills shoots
  • Dioecious – Having male and female reproductive organs in separate plants.
  • Division – Taxonomic unit of plants corresponding to a phylum
  • Dormancy – A temporary activeness of growth in plants, especially during winter season.
  • Double-flowered – A flower that is unique, having more than its usual number of petals.
  • Drip irrigation – Also known as trickle irrigation or micro irrigation or localized irrigation. An irrigation using a low-pressured water.

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  • Engineers – A person who uses scientific knowledge to solve practical problems.
  • Environment – The totality of surrounding conditions.
  • Equipment – An instrumentality needed for an undertaking or to perform landscaping.
  • Estimates – A statement indicating the likely cost of landscaping.
  • Easement – The privilege of using something that is not your own
  • Edging – Border consisting of anything placed on the edge to finish something
  • Espalier – A trellis on which ornamental shrub or fruit tree is trained to grow flat
  • Evergreen – A plant having foliage that persists and remains green throughout the year

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  • Facilities – A building or place that provides a particular service or is used for a particular industry.
  • Family – A taxonomic group of plants containing one or more genera
  • Features – A prominent attribute or aspect of something.
  • Fertilizers – any substance such as manure or a mixture of nitrates used to make soil more fertile.
  • Fields – A piece of land cleared of trees and usually enclosed.
  • Filling – is the process of adding soil.
  • Finial – An ornament at the top of a spire or gable; usually a foliated fleur-de-lis
  • Fireblight – A disease blackening the leaves of pear and apple trees
  • Floret – A diminutive flower (especially one that is part of a composite flower)
  • Flower Bud – A bud from which only a flower or flowers develop
  • Flowers – A plant cultivated for its blooms or blossoms helping create aesthetic looks for landscapes.
  • Focus – Special emphasis attached to landscaping.
  • Foliar – Consisting of, or pertaining to, leaves
  • Footing – Relation that provides the foundation for something
  • Form – A group of plants within a species that differ in trivial ways from similar groups
  • Foundation Plant – Are plants used to cover a building’s foundation.
  • Fountain Head – The source of water from which a stream arises
  • Frost Line – Also called as frost depth. The depth of which groundwater in soil is expected to freeze during winter.
  • Functional – Designed for or capable of a particular function or use.
  • Fungicides – Any agent that destroys or prevents the growth of fungi.

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  • Gardening – The process of cultivating plants.
  • Gardens – A yard or lawn adjoining a house.
  • Genus – Taxonomic group containing one or more plants
  • Germinate – Produce buds, branches, or germinate
  • Grading – Is the process of reshaping an area of the land when it does not fit for landscaping.
  • Graft – Cause to grow together parts from different plants
  • Gravels – Are rock fragments and pebbles. In landscaping Mix Gravel is used to add interest in large areas.
  • Ground Cover – Low-growing plants planted in deep shade or on a steep slope where turf is difficult to grow
  • Grounds – The enclosed land around a house or other building.
  • Groundskeepers – Someone who maintains the grounds (of a business, residential areas).

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  • Handlers – An agent who handles something or someone.
  • Handsaws – A saw used with one hand for cutting wood.
  • Hardiness Zone – Is a geographically defined area in which a specific category of plant life is capable of growing, as defined by climatic conditions.
  • Hardscape – Hardscape denotes any paved areas, for example roads and walkways, corporate offices and residential areas, and other developed areas where the upper soil profile is covered, and not exposed to the Earth’s surface.
  • Harmony – One of the principles of design that is having a pleasing combinations of elements.
  • Hedges – A fence formed by a row of closely planted shrubs or bushes.
  • Herbaceous – Characteristic of a nonwoody herb or plant part
  • Herbicides – A chemical agent that destroys plants or inhibits their growth.
  • Homeowners – Someone who owns a home.
  • Horticulture – The cultivation of plants.
  • Horticulturist – An expert in the science of cultivating plants (fruit, flowers, landscaping or ornamental plants).
  • Humus – Partially decomposed organic matter; the organic component of soil
  • Hybrid – A plant that is the offspring of genetically different kinds of parent plants.

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  • Ideas – The content of cognition; the main thing that a client or designer is thinking about.
  • Impact – Influencing strongly.
  • Insecticides – A chemical used to kill insects.
  • Interest – The power of attracting or holding one’s attention (because it is unusual or exciting etc.)
  • Involved – Connected by participation, association or use.
  • Irrigation – Supplying dry land with water by means of ditches etc.
  • Impervious - Is a type of soil that can’t be penetrated.
    Informal Design
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  • Integrated Pest Management -
  • Island Bed -

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  • Kinds – A category of things distinguished by some common characteristic or quality.
  • Knot Garden -

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  • Land – Material in the top layer of the surface of the earth in which plants can grow (especially with reference to its quality or use).
  • Landscape – An expanse of scenery that can be seen in a single view. A genre of art dealing with the depiction of natural scenery.
  • Landscaping – refers to the act of applying artistry and science to improve an area of the land using landscaping trees and plants. This can be applied in residential areas, commercial areas, and even in water.
  • Lawn – A field of cultivated and mowed grass.
  • Lawn Mower – an equipment to cut or even out the height of the grass.
  • Leaf – The main organ of photosynthesis and transpiration in higher plants.
  • Lots – A parcel of land having fixed boundaries.
  • Labyrinth -
  • Landscape Fabric -
  • Larva -
  • Lateral bud -
  • Lattice -
  • Leader -
  • Limb -
  • Limestone -
  • Line level -
  • Loam -
  • Low-voltage light -
  • Low water demand -

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  • Maintain – Supply with necessities and support.
  • Maintenance – Activity involved in maintaining something in good working order.
  • Mix Gravel – is composed of varying sizes of rocks and pebbles.
  • Mow – Cut with a blade or mower.
  • Master Plan -
  • Maze -
  • Mixed Border -
  • Monoecious -
  • Mulch – Organic or inorganic materials placed around plants to retain water.
  • Multi-stemmed – Stems that are rising from the ground coming from a single plant.

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  • Natural – In accordance with nature; relating to or concerning nature.
  • Naiad – Any of a class of nymphs presiding over rivers and springs.
  • Nectar – The saccharine secretion of a plant, which attracts the insects or birds that pollinate the flower.
  • Nematode – Any unsegmented worm of the phylum Nematoda, having an elongated, cylindrical body; a roundworm.
  • Nitrogen – The chemical element of atomic number 7, a colorless, odorless unreactive gas that forms about 78 percent of the earth’s atmosphere.
  • Node – A part of a stem that normally bears a leaf.

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  • Outdoor Lighting – The craft of providing artificial light. May apply to apparatus used to create artificial lights on landscaped areas.

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  • Pesticide – A chemical used to kill pests (as rodents or insects).
  • Planning – the process that involves strategic measures to create an overview of the tasks needed to efficiently finish the landscaping. This will involve identifying if there is necessary are to apply grading that includes waste removal, soil removal, and rock removal.
  • Plant – a living organism lacking the power of locomotion.
  • Prepare – Make ready or suitable or equip in advance for a particular purpose or for some use, especially in landscaping.
  • Procedures – A particular course of action intended to achieve a result.
  • Professionals – A person engaged in landscaping profession.
  • Project – Any piece of work that is undertaken or attempted, like landscaping project.
  • Pruner – A worker who thins out and trims trees and shrubs.

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  • Restoration – The act of restoring an area of the land into a satisfactory state.

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  • Saws – Hand tool having a toothed blade for cutting.
  • Service – An act of help or assistance, example, landscaping and maintenance service.
  • Shrubs – A low woody perennial plant usually having several major stems.
  • Site – The piece of land on which something is located (or is to be located) or physical position in relation to the surroundings.
  • Soil – The part of the earth’s surface consisting of humus and disintegrated rock.
  • Specialist – An expert who is devoted to landscaping.

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  • Tree – A tall perennial woody plant used for landscaping.
  • Trim – Remove the edges from and cut down to the desired size or decorate, as with ornaments.
  • Trimmers – A worker who thins out and trims trees and shrubs.
  • Turf – Surface layer of ground containing a mat of grass and grass roots.

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  • Variety – Containing different classes.
  • Varying – Marked by diversity or difference.

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  • Walkways - A path set aside for walking.
  • Wetlands - A low area where the land is saturated with water.

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Sources:

1. Dictionary

2. Wikipedia